I have previously worked within the health sector in Zambia. I managed a malaria program promoting private sector engagement in public health under CHAMP ( Comprehensive HIV/AIDs management programme). The programme was initiated by First Quantum Minerals Ltd.
The new health report released by UNICEF and its partners is welcoming showing a remarkable decline in child deaths worldwide.
An estimated 6.9 million children died before the age of five in 2011, down from 12 million in 1990 and 8.2 million in 2005. Although lagging behind Sub Saharan African also showed a reduction in child mortality by 39% in the same period.
Interventions such as routine immunisation, distribution of mosquito nets to prevent malaria, malaria testing and treatment, antirtrovirals to prevent mother to child infection, better nutrition and improved water and sanitation have all contributed to the decline.
The burden still remains however. Almost 19,000 children under 5 still die each day,amounting to roughly 1.2 million under-five deaths from mostly preventable causes every two months.