NUS researchers create AI-powered visual system to help visually impaired individuals perceive objects

SINGAPORE, Feb. 5, 2024 /PRNewswire/ — Purchasing groceries is a familiar activity for many of us, but for people with sight challenges, identifying grocery items can be overwhelming. A group of researchers from the National University of Singapore’s School of Computing (NUS Computing) introduced AiSee, an economical wearable assistive gadget that helps people with sight issues ‘perceive’ objects around them with the support of artificial intelligence (AI).

National University of Singapore Logo (PRNewsFoto/National University of Singapore)National University of Singapore Logo (PRNewsFoto/National University of Singapore)

National University of Singapore Logo (PRNewsFoto/National University of Singapore)

Individuals with sight issues face daily obstacles, particularly with object identification which is vital for both easy and challenging decision-making. Although developments in AI have significantly improved visual recognition capabilities, practical use of these advanced technologies remains challenging and prone to mistakes.

AiSee, which was initially designed in 2018 and gradually improved over a span of five years, aims to overcome these limitations by utilizing cutting-edge AI technologies.

“With AiSee, our goal is to empower users with more natural interaction. By following a human-centred design process, we found reasons to question the typical approach of using eyeglasses supplemented with a camera. People with sight issues may hesitate to wear glasses to avoid stigmatization. Hence, we are proposing an alternative hardware that includes a discreet bone conduction headphone,” said lead researcher of Project AiSee Associate Professor Suranga Nanayakkara, who is from the Department of Information Systems and Analytics at NUS Computing.

The user simply needs to grasp an object and activate the in-built camera to capture an image of the object. With the help of AI, AiSee will identify the object, and it will also provide more information when questioned by the user.

How does AiSee work?

AiSee comprises three key components:

(1) The eye: Vision engine computer software

AiSee incorporates a micro-camera that captures the user’s field of view. This forms the software component of AiSee, also referred to as the ‘vision engine computer’. The software is capable of extracting features such as text, logos, and labels from the captured image for processing.

(2) The brain: AI-powered image processing unit and interactive Q&A system

After the user snaps a photo of the object of interest, AiSee utilizes sophisticated cloud-based AI algorithms to process and analyze the captured images to identify the object. The user can also ask a range of questions to find out more about the object.

AiSee employs advanced text-to-speech and speech-to-text recognition and processing technology to identify objects and comprehend the user’s queries. Powered by a large language model, AiSee excels in interactive question-and-answer exchanges, enabling the system to accurately comprehend and respond to the user’s queries in a prompt and informative manner.

Compared to most wearable assistive gadgets which require smartphone pairing, AiSee operates as a self-contained system that can function independently without the need for any additional devices.

(3) The speaker: Bone conduction sound system

The headphone of AiSee utilizes bone conduction technology, which enables sound transmission through the bones of the skull. This ensures that individuals with sight issues can effectively receive auditory information while still having access to external sounds, such as conversations or traffic noise. This is particularly vital for individuals with sight issues as environmental sounds provide essential information for decision-making, especially in situations involving safety considerations.

“At present, individuals with sight impairments in SINGAPORE do not have access to assistive AI technology of this level of sophistication. Therefore, we believe that AiSee has the potential to empower visually impaired people to independently accomplish tasks that currently require assistance. Our next step is to make AiSee affordable and accessible to the masses. To achieve this, we are making further enhancements, including a more ergonomic design and a faster processing unit,” explained Assoc Prof Nanayakkara.

NUS student Mark Myres, who assisted to test AiSee as a visually impaired user, commented, “A lot of time, assistive devices seem very targeted at totally blind people or visually impaired people. I think AiSee is a good balance. Both visually impaired and blind people could get a lot of benefits from this.”

User testing and further enhancements

Assoc Prof Nanayakkara and his team are currently in discussions with SG Enable in SINGAPORE to conduct user testing with persons with sight issues. The findings will help to refine and improve AiSee’s features and performance. In addition, B.P. De Silva Holdings Pte Ltd has made a generous gift of S$150,000 to support the project.

BPH’s decision to contribute towards the development of AiSee is rooted in its commitment to corporate social responsibility and a sincere desire to make a positive impact on society with a broader mission of fostering inclusivity and accessibility. Its philanthropic endeavor also reflects its belief in the transformative power of technology to address societal challenges and create a more equitable and inclusive world.

Ms Ku Geok Boon, Chief Executive Officer of SG Enable, said, “Innovative solutions enabled by assistive technologies can change the lives of persons with disabilities, whether in supporting them to live more independently or lowering barriers to employment. As the focal agency and sector enabler for disability and inclusion in SINGAPORE, SG Enable is happy to work with partners like NUS and B.P. De Silva Holdings Pte Ltd to leverage technology to empower persons with disabilities.”

Beyond this project, SG Enable also seeks to collaborate with NUS to explore how AI, human-computer interface and assistive technology can give persons with disabilities more technological options.

Read more at: https://news.nus.edu.sg/ai-powered-eye-for-visually-impaired-people/

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SOURCE National University of Singapore

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